Gardening is the technique we use to create a garden and keep it splendid.

What is a garden?

A Garden is the land where decorative plants and flowers are grown to enjoy a pleasant place.

In addition to plants we can add all kinds of ornaments, fountains, sculptures, paths and customize it according to the place, climate and particular interest.

In ancient times the garden was defined as an orchard in bloom.

The garden

Since the time of Babylon there is evidence of the existence of gardens and its evolution adapts to different cultures and to different empires.

Basically the aristocracy is the one that has created the most beautiful gardens, highlighting in Spain:

  • Those of Aranjuez in Madrid.
  • The Farm of San Ildefonso in Segovia.
  • Courtyard of the orange trees of the Mosque of Cordoba.
  • The Generalife in Granada.

Los mejores jardines de España

  • Maria Luisa Park in Seville.
  • The Madrid Retreat
  • La Magdalena in Santander.
  • Well park in Barcelona.

Los mejores jardines de España

  • Garden of the Conception in Malaga.
  • Gardens of the Vienna Palace in Cordoba.
  • La Oratava in Tenerife.
  • Genovés Park of Cádiz.

Los mejores jardines de EspañaGardening has always been understood as an art designed to create a space where visitors can enjoy.

The gardener

He is the one who is professionally engaged in gardening. You can create it, design it, take care of it and complement this profession with architecture.

The fact that a gardener creates a garden on a plot is known as landscaping.

Gardener Functions:

  • Site preparation, plow, fertilizer, weed removal.
  • Plant the varieties chosen according to the design.
  • Maintenance of the gardens, paid, weeding, cleaning, lawn mowing.

Types of gardens


Characterized by areas with water normally with sound and the center of the garden is usually a source.


The symmetry stands out especially in the design and pruning of plants.


The most important thing is to contract different types of plants. They normally take advantage of the natural landscape of lakes and hillsides.


They combine geometric designs with statues and floral ensembles.Tipos de jardines en jardinería


The most characteristic is that they have rocks, they must be arranged forming an idea, with bridges on small islets of water and surrounded by plants.


Sets of plants and flowers that accumulate a lot of water such as cacti, palm trees and others. They can be done in warm climates or indoors like the one in the image of the Madrid Atocha station.


Vertical creations of plants and flowers basically for interiors or small spaces. Low root plants with irrigation control.


Especially created in ponds or lakes with plants that adapt to water.Tipos de jardines en jardinería

There are other possible classifications according to the purpose of the garden.

  • Minimalist Gardens: designed for small, indoor and outdoor spaces. Plants are usually combined with decorative elements.
  • Landscaper : natural forms imitating lakes or other elements.

Jardinería minimalista y paisajista

Gardening Research

Two important points in gardening research are the Royal Botanic Gardens from Madrid and the Botanical garden of Barcelona.

Además se pueden realizar estudios de jardinería a nivel profesional como el «Grado de paisajismo» o estudios de «Técnico en floristería y jardinería» y «Técnico en elementos del jardín».

The gardening technique is complex and involves buildings, planning, studies of the type of terrain, type of climate, design, classification of plants, irrigation design, lighting, walkways, works of art ... Therefore involves a comprehensive and thorough project that ends in a gift for the visitor.


Botánico de Madrid con riego controlado por sensores Plantae
Madrid botanist with irrigation controlled by Plantae sensors